Application of Drying Model to Determine Extraction Behaviours on Peanut Skin Oil Recovery by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide-Ethanol

Nicky Rahmana Putra, Dwila Nur Rizkiyah, Ahmad Hazim Abdul Aziz, Zuhaili Idham, Jumakir Jumakir, Waluyo Waluyo, Mohd Azizi Che Yunus

Abstract


The main objective of this study was to determine the mass transfer for extraction of peanut (Arachis hypogea) skin by using drying models as alternatives extraction models. The mass transfer was measured at the pressure ranging from 10 MPa to 30 MPa, temperature of 40 oC to 70 oC, and rate of modifier 0.075 mL/min to 0.225 mL/min. The Lewis, Page, Peleg, Henderson and Pabis, and Avhad and Macetti as drying models were modified to illustrate the extraction process and to transform as alternative empirical models. An average absolute relative deviation percentage (AARD%) of Lewis, Page, Peleg, Henderson - Pabis, and Avhad-Macetti was 9.52%, 4.67%, 19.41%, 0.26%, and 0.04%. Avhad and Macetti model offered the best fitting between experimental data and modelling data. The results showed that drying model was applicable to correlate the experimental data of extraction process due to low percentage of error and high coefficient determination.


Keywords


Arachis hypogaea; Mass transfer; Drying model; Empirical Model; Supercritical carbon dioxide

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hoang, V.H., P. Apoštolová, J. Dostálová, F. Pudil, and J. Pokorný. Antioxidant activity of peanut skin extracts from conventional and high-oleic peanuts. Antioxidant activity of peanut skin extracts from conventional and high-oleic peanuts, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 447-457, 2008.

Zhongdong, L., W. Guohua, G. Yunchang, and J.F. Kennedy. Image study of pectin extraction from orange skin assisted by microwave. Image study of pectin extraction from orange skin assisted by microwave, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 548-552, 2006.

Putra, N.R., M.A.C. Yunus, M.S.H. Ruslan, Z. Idham, and F.N. Idrus. Comparison extraction of peanut skin between CO2 supercritical fluid extraction and soxhlet extraction in term of oil yield and catechin. Comparison extraction of peanut skin between CO2 supercritical fluid extraction and soxhlet extraction in term of oil yield and catechin, vol. 26, no. 2, pp., 2018.

Putra, N.R., M.A. Che Yunus, and S. Machmudah. Solubility model of arachis hypogea skin oil by modified supercritical carbon dioxide, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 731-740, 2019.

Putra, N.R., M.A. Che Yunus, and S. Machmudah Solubility model of arachis hypogea skin oil by modified supercritical carbon dioxide, vol., no., pp. 1-10, 2018.

Putra, N.R., D.N. Rizkiyah, A.S. Zaini, S. Machmudah, and M.A.C. Yunus. Solubility of catechin and epicatechin from Arachis Hypogea skins wastes by using supercritical carbon dioxide-ethanol and its optimization. vol., no., pp. 1-8, 2021.

Putra, N.R., D.N. Rizkiyah, S. Machmudah, L.M. Shalleh, and M.A. Che Yunus. Recovery and solubility of flavonoid and phenolic contents from Arachis Hypogea in supercritical carbon dioxide assisted by ethanol as cosolvent, vol., no., pp. e14768.

Zeković, Z., O. Bera, S. Đurović, and B. Pavlić. Supercritical fluid extraction of coriander seeds: Kinetics modelling and ANN optimization, vol. 125, no., pp. 88-95, 2017.

Machmudah, S., A. Shotipruk, M. Goto, M. Sasaki, and T. Hirose. Extraction of astaxanthin from Haematococcus p luvialis using supercritical CO2 and ethanol as entrainer, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 3652-3657, 2006.

Putra, N.R., A.G. Wibobo, S. Machmudah, and S. Winardi. Recovery of valuable compounds from palm-pressed fiber by using supercritical CO2 assisted by ethanol: modeling and optimization, vol., no., pp. 1-14, 2019.

Jacobsen, D. and K.E. McMartin. Methanol and ethylene glycol poisonings. Methanol and ethylene glycol poisonings, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 309-334, 1986.

Corzzini, S.C.S., H.D.F.Q. Barros, R. Grimaldi, and F.A. Cabral. Extraction of edible avocado oil using supercritical CO2 and a CO2/ethanol mixture as solvents, vol. 194, no., pp. 40-45, 2017.

Yunus, M.C., N. Arsad, S. Zhari, Z. Idham, S. Setapar, and A. Mustapha. Effect of supercritical carbon dioxide condition on oil yield and solubility of Pithecellobium Jiringan Prain seeds, vol. 60, no., pp. 45-50, 2013.

Shi, J., C. Yi, S.J. Xue, Y. Jiang, Y. Ma, and D. Li. Effects of modifiers on the profile of lycopene extracted from tomato skins by supercritical CO2, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 431-436, 2009.

Salgın, U., S. Salgın, D.D. Ekici, and G. UludaĿ. Oil recovery in rosehip seeds from food plant waste products using supercritical co2 extraction, vol. 118, no., pp. 194-202, 2016.

Murthy, T.P.K. and B. Manohar. Modelling solubility of phenolics of mango ginger extract in supercritical carbon dioxide using equation of state and empirical models, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 5557-5567, 2015.

Danlami, J.M., M.A.A. Zaini, A. Arsad, and M.A.C. Yunus. Solubility assessment of castor (I oil in supercritical CO2 at different temperatures and pressures under dynamic conditions, vol. 76, no., pp. 34-40, 2015.

Goto, M., J. Smith, and B.J. McCoy. Parabolic profile approximation (linear driving-force model) for chemical reactions. Parabolic profile approximation (linear driving-force model) for chemical reactions, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 443-448, 1990.

Lewis, W.K. The rate of drying of solid materials. The rate of drying of solid materials, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 427-432, 1921.

Diamante, L.M. and P.A. Munro Mathematical modelling of the thin layer solar drying of sweet potato slices, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 271-276, 1993.

Peleg, m. An empirical model for the description of moisture sorption curves. An empirical model for the description of moisture sorption curves, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1216-1217, 1988.

Pabis, S. and S. Henderson Grain drying theory. II. A critical analysis of the drying curve for shelled maize. Grain drying theory. II. A critical analysis of the drying curve for shelled maize, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 272-277, 1961.

Avhad, M. and J. Marchetti Mathematical modelling of the drying kinetics of Hass avocado seeds, vol. 91, no., pp. 76-87, 2016.

Lin, C., G. Xia, and S. Liu Modeling and comparison of extraction kinetics of 8 catechins, gallic acid and caffeine from representative white teas, vol. 83, no., pp. 1-9, 2017.

Paternina Contreras, A., J. Salcedo Mendoza, K. Contreras Lozano, and M. Garcia Paternina Characterization and desorption isotherm modeling of cassava bagasse (Manihot esculenta Crantz), vol. 69, no. 3-4, pp., 2017.

Aguiló-Aguayo, I., J. Walton, I. Viñas, and B.K. Tiwari Ultrasound assisted extraction of polysaccharides from mushroom by-products, vol. 77, no., pp. 92-99, 2017.

Charpe, T. and V. Rathod kinetics of ultrasound assisted extraction of wedelolactone from Eclipta alba, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 1003-1010, 2016.

Aitchison, J. The statistical analysis of compositional data. The statistical analysis of compositional data, vol., no., pp., 1986.

Taylor, J., Introduction to error analysis, the study of uncertainties in physical measurements. 1997.

Putra, N.R., Z.B. Idham, S. Machmudah, M.S.H.b. Ruslan, and M.A. Che Yunus Extraction of peanut skin oil by modified supercritical carbon dioxide: Empirical modelling and optimization, vol., no., pp. 1-9, 2018.

Putra, N.R., A.H.A. Aziz, Z. Idham, M.S.H. Ruslan, and M.A.C. Yunus. Diffusivity optimization of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction with co-solvent-ethanol from peanut skin, vol. 14, no. 1, pp., 2018.

Cornelio-Santiago, H.P., C.B. Gonçalves, N.A. de Oliveira, and A.L. de Oliveira. Supercritical CO2 extraction of oil from green coffee beans: Solubility, triacylglycerol composition, thermophysical properties and thermodynamic modelling, vol. 128, no., pp. 386-394, 2017.

Idham, Z., A.S. Zaini, N.R. Putra, N.M. Rusli, N.S. Mahat, L.N. Yian, and M.A.C. Yunus. Effect of flow rate, particle size and modifier ratio on the supercritical fluid extraction of anthocyanins from Hibiscus sabdariffa (L). in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020. IOP Publishing.

Mohd‐Nasir, H., N.R. Putra, S.C. Chuo, N.M. Daud, N. Bakeri, M.S.H. Ruslan, S.H. Mohd‐Setapar, A. Ahmad, and L. Md Salleh. optimization of the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of quercus infectoria galls extracts and its bioactivities, vol., no., pp. e15156.

Hatami, T., M.A.A. Meireles, and O.N. Ciftci. Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of lycopene from tomato processing by-products: Mathematical modeling and optimization, vol. 241, no., pp. 18-25, 2019.

de Andrade Lima, M., D. Charalampopoulos, and A. Chatzifragkou Optimisation and modelling of supercritical CO2 extraction process of carotenoids from carrot peels, vol. 133, no., pp. 94-102, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v17n2.1993

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Nicky Rahmana Putra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Copyright © 2005 Penerbit UTM Press