Noncontact respiration rate monitoring based on sensing exhaled air
Keywords:Respiration rate monitoring, physiological signal analysis, medical electronics engineering,
AbstractRespiration rate is the average number of times air is inhaled and exhaled per minute. Respiration rate is an important indicator of a person’s health and therefore, it needs to be measured accurately. Existing respiration monitoring systems are generally contact based that means the sensing element needs to be attached to the subject's body. The attached sensor can cause distress in some children, affecting their respiration rate. The device can also become dislodged interrupting the monitoring. This work presents an air flow sensing approach to noncontact respiration rate monitoring. The exhaled air is guided through a small funnel to a chamber that contains a heating element. The heated air leaves the chamber and is then detected by a thermistor that converts the air flow temperature variations to an electrical signal. The signal is amplified, filtered and digitised. Signal processing techniques are used to extract respiration rate from the signal in real time. The device provides respiration rate at distances from 15 to 30 cm from the subject’s face.
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