Combustion characteristics of palm pressed fibres biochar and sub-bituminous Malaysian coal


  • Aminu Safana Aliyu Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Nurhayati Abdullah Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Fauziah Sulaiman Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Sadik Umar Universiti Sains Malaysia



TGA, combustion, biochar, coal


In this research, the combustion properties of coal and biochar were investigated and compared to identify the potentiality of biochar for coal replacement application. Biochar is derived from the pyrolysis of palm pressed fibre (PPF) at 400 oC. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to study the combustion profiles of the materials. The biochar and coal were combusted via thermogravimetric analysis from ambient temperature to 800 oC at 10 oCmin-1 of heating rate. From the results, biochar showed the high calorific value of 27.30 MJkg-1compared to that of coal 26.21 MJkg-1. Furthermore, biochar comprised the greater content of carbon and fixed carbon. Although, during combustion, coal releases high heat of 0.052 W than biochar which gave 0.049 W. This reveals that the biochar produced from PPF can be a perfect competitor against coal for heat generation. This finding could assist in promoting the application of biomass as an alternative to fossil fuel. 

Author Biographies

Aminu Safana Aliyu, Universiti Sains Malaysia

School of Physics

Nurhayati Abdullah, Universiti Sains Malaysia

School of Physics

Fauziah Sulaiman, Universiti Sains Malaysia

School of Physics

Sadik Umar, Universiti Sains Malaysia

School of Physics


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