Effect of H2O/SiO2 Molar Ratio on Direct Synthesis of ZSM-5 from Bangka’s Kaolin Without Pretreatment


  • Djoko Hartanto Institut Tekonolgi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8362-2283
  • Rendy Muhamad Iqbal Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya
  • Wahyu Erizky Shahbihi Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya
  • Eko Santoso Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya
  • Hamzah Fansuri Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya
  • Ani Iryani Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya Pakuan University, Bogor




Kaolin, Direct synthesis, ZSM-5, Hydrothermal, Zeolite


The influence of the molar ratio H2O/SiO2 in the synthesis directly from Bangka Belitung’s Kaolin has been studied by performing synthesis of ZSM-5 with a variation of the molar ratio H2O/SiO2 is different at 15, 25, 30, and 35. Weighing 3.980 g Bangka’s kaolin are added other material so obtained molar composition 10Na2O: 120SiO2: 2Al2O3: 1800-4200H2O, and 1% of silicalite seed, subsequent hydrothermal process of 175°C for 24 hours. The result of solids was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and SEM EDX to the analyzed morphology of ZSM-5 crystal. The synthesis of ZSM-5 was directly optimum with molar ratio H2O/SiO2 of 30 having the highest cristallinity and largest crystal size of 59.44% and 3.795 µm, respectively.


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