A Decision Making Method using Fuzzy Soft Sets

Samsiah Abdul Razak, Daud Mohamad

Abstract


The introduction of soft set theory by Molodstov has gained attention by many as it is useful in dealing with uncertain data. It is advantageous to use due to its parameterization form of data. This concept has been used in solving many decision making problems and has been generalized in various aspects in particular to fuzzy soft set (FSS) theory. In decision making using FSS, the objective is to select an object from a set of objects with respect to a set of choice parameter using fuzzy values. Although FSS theory has been extensively used in many applications, the importance of weight of parameters has not been highlighted and thus is not incorporated in the calculation. As it depends on one’s perception or opinion, the importance of the parameters may differ from one decision maker to another. Besides, existing methods in FSS only consider one or two decision makers to select the alternatives. In reality, group decision making normally involves more than two decision makers. In this paper we present a method for solving group decision making problems that involves more than two decision makers based on fuzzy soft set by taking into consideration the weight of parameters. The method of lambda – max which frequently utilize in fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) has been applied to determine the weight of parameters and an algorithm for solving decision making problems is presented. Finally we illustrate the effectiveness of our method with a numerical example.

Keywords


Fuzzy soft sets; Uncertainty; Weight of parameters; Lambda-max method; Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v9n2.91

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