Rainfall, evapotranspiration and rainfall deficit trend in Alor Setar, Malaysia

Aimi Athirah Ahmad, Fadhilah Yusof, Muhamad Radzali Mispan, Hasliana Kamaruddin


Rainfall and potential evapotranspiration are important variables in water balance study. Rainfall data were obtained from Malaysian Meteorological Department while estimates of potential evapotranspiration were calculated using Penman-Monteith method. Trend analysis of monthly and annual rainfall, potential evapotranspiration and rainfall deficit are essential to manage irrigation system in agricultural systems. This is because changes in trend of these parameters may affect the water cycle and ecosystem. Annual and monthly values of these variables were analysed from 1980-2009. Results indicated  increasing trends of 16.2 mm yr-1 and 3.01 mm yr-1 for both annual rainfall and potential evapotranspiration, respectively. Consequently, these trends resulted in annual rainfall deficit of 1.69 mm per year. 


Rainfall; Potential evapotranspiration; Rainfall deficit; Penman-Monteith

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v13n4-1.844


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