# The effect of mass ratio on the flow characteristics of hydrogen-natural gas mixture using reduced order modelling

## Authors

• Norazlina Subani Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor.
• Norsarahaida Amin Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor.

## Keywords:

Leak detection, gas mixture, hydrogen, natural gas, reduced order modelling

## Abstract

This work focuses on the development of a mathematical model as a viable alternative to pinpoint locations of gas leaks in a pipeline.  The transient non-isothermal flow of hydrogen-natural gas mixture is considered because hydrogen is often transported in the same pipeline as natural gas to reduce the transportation cost.  The mathematical model developed took into consideration the effect of the mass ratio of gas mixture.  The gas mixture was assumed to be homogeneous and the transient pressure wave was created by the sudden or instantaneous closure of a downstream shut-off valve to ensure the attainment of minimum pressure at the downstream end within a short time.  The governing equations were numerically solved using the reduced order modelling (ROM) technique, which had not been previously applied on non-isothermal models involving gas mixtures.  Numerical results observed that the mass ratio of hydrogen to natural gas should not be more than 0.5 to ensure that leakage does not occur before the estimated leak position.  An increase in the mass ratio  leads to an increase in the pressure and celerity wave, while the leak location and the amount of leak discharge decrease.

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05-12-2017

Article