Artocarpus integer peel as a highly effective low-cost adsorbent for methylene blue removal: Kinetics, isotherm, thermodynamic and pelletized studies
Keywords:Low-cost adsorbent, agricultural waste, Artocarpus Integer peel, pelletized adsorbent, methylene blue
Recently, there is a growing interest in identifying low-cost alternative adsorbents which have reasonable adsorption efficiency for dye removal. In this study, agricultural waste, Artocarpus Integer peel (AI-Peel) was used as the adsorbent to remove methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The batch adsorption process was conducted to evaluate the effect of contact time (1 – 40 min), adsorbent dosage (0.25 – 4.0 g L-1), pH (2 – 8), initial dye concentration (100 – 500 mg L-1) and temperature (30 – 50 oC). The experimental data followed well pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm (Type 2) with maximum adsorption capacity of 396.825 mg g-1. The analysis of thermodynamic studies indicated that the adsorption process was exothermic, controlled by a chemisorption process, feasible and spontaneous in nature with decrease in degree of spontaneity at higher temperature. The characterization results revealed that the functional groups of AI-Peel play an important role in the adsorption of MB onto AI-Peel. The study of pelletized and reusability of AI-Peel indicated the great potential of pelletized AI-Peel as low-cost adsorbent for efficient removal of MB from aqueous solution. This study successfully discovers a new highly effective low-cost adsorbent for MB removal.
Wang, J., Qin, L., Lin, J., Zhu, J., Zhang, Y., Liu, J., and Van der Bruggen, B. 2017. Enzymatic construction of antibacterial ultrathin membranes for dyes removal. Chemical Engineering Journal. 323: 56–63.
Liu, M., Chen, Q., Lu, K., Huang, W., Lü, Z., Zhou, C., Yu, S., and Gao, C. 2017. High efficient removal of dyes from aqueous solution through nanofiltration using diethanolamine-modified polyamide thin-film composite membrane. Separation and Purification Technology. 173: 135–143.
Mohite, S. V., Ganbavle, V. V., and Rajpure, K. Y. 2017. Photoelectrocatalytic activity of immobilized Yb doped WO3 photocatalyst for degradation of methyl orange dye. Journal of Energy Chemistry. 26(3): 440–447.
May-Lozano, M., Mendoza-Escamilla, V., Rojas-García, E., López-Medina, R., Rivadeneyra-Romero, G., and Martinez-Delgadillo, S. A. 2017. Sonophotocatalytic degradation of Orange II dye using low cost photocatalyst. Journal of Cleaner Production. 148: 836–844.
Issa Hamoud, H., Finqueneisel, G., and Azambre, B. 2017. Removal of binary dyes mixtures with opposite and similar charges by adsorption, coagulation/flocculation and catalytic oxidation in the presence of CeO2/H2O2 Fenton-like system. Journal of Environmental Management. 195: 195–207.
Jalil, A. A., Triwahyono, S., Yaakob, M. R., Azmi, Z. Z. A., Sapawe, N., Kamarudin, H. N., Setiabudi, H. D., Jaafar, N. F., Sidik, S. M., Adam, S. H., and Hameed, B. H. 2012. Utilization of bivalve shell-treated Zea mays L. (maize) husk leaf as a low-cost biosorbent for enhanced adsorption of malachite green. Bioresource Technology. 120: 218-224.
Kallel, F., Chaari, F., Bouaziz, F., Bettaieb, F., Ghorbel, R., and S. E. Chaabouni, S. E. 2016. Sorption and desorption characteristics for the removal of a toxic dye, methylene blue from aqueous solution by a low cost agricultural by-product. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 219: 279-288.
Lin, Q., Wang, K., Gao, M., Bai, Y., Chen, L., and Ma, H. 2017. Effectively removal of cationic and anionic dyes by pH-sensitive amphoteric adsorbent derived from agricultural waste-wheat straw. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 76: 65–72.
Kristanti, R. A., Kamisan, M. K. A., and Hadibarata, T. 2016. Treatability of methylene blue solution by adsorption process using Neobalanocarpus hepmii and Capsicum annuum. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 227(5): 134-141.
Rahmat, N. A., Ali, A. A., Salmiati, Hussain, N., Muhamad, M. S., Kristanti, R. A., and Hadibarata, T. 2016. Removal of remazol brilliant blue R from aqueous solution by adsorption using pineapple leaf powder and lime peel powder. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 227(4): 105-115.
Bouaziz, F., Koubaa, M., Kallel, F., Chaari, F., Driss, D., Ghorbel, R. E., and Chaabouni, S. E. 2015. Efficiency of almond gum as low-cost adsorbent for methylene blue dye removal from aqueous solutions. Industrial Crops and Products. 74: 903-911.
Ferrero, F. 2015. Dye removal from aqueous solution using coal fly ash for continuous flow adsorption. Clean technologies and Enivironmental Policy. 17(7): 1907-1915.
Dağdelen, S., Acemioğlu, B., Baran, E., and Koçer, O. 2014. Removal of remazol brilliant blue R from aqueous solution by pirina pretreated with nitric acid and commercial activated carbon. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 225(3): 1899-1913.
Wang, W., Wang, F., Kang, Y., and Wang, A. 2015. Enhanced adsorptive removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by alkali-activated palygorskite. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 226(3): 83-95.
Berez, A., Schäfer, G., Ayari, F., and Trabelsi-Ayadi, M. 2016. Adsorptive removal of azo dyes from aqueous solutions by natural bentonite under static and dynamic flow conditions. International Journal of Enviornmental Science and Technology. 13(7): 1625-1640.
Nasuha, N., Hameed, B. H., and Din, A. T. M. 2010. Rejected tea as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 175(1-3): 126-132.
Marković, S., Stanković, A., Lopičić, Z., Lazarević, S., Stojanović, M., and Uskoković, D. 2015. Application of raw peach shell particles for removal of methylene blue. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 3(2): 716-724.
Momčilović, M., Purenović, M., Miljković, M., Bojić, A., and Ranđelović, M. 2011 . Adsorption of cationic dye methylene blue onto activated carbon obtained from horse chestnut kernel. Hemijska Industrija. 65: 123-129.
Shakoor, S. and Nasar, A. 2016. Removal of methylene blue dye from artificially contaminated water using citrus limetta peel waste as a very low cost adsorbent. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 66: 154–163.
Pua, F. L., Sajab, M. S., Chia, C. H., Zakaria, S., Rahman, I. A., and Salit, M. S. 2013. Alkaline-treated cocoa pod husk as adsorbent for removing methylene blue from aqueous solutions. Journal of Environmental Chemistry Engineering. 1(3): 460-465.
Langmuir, I. 1918. The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of the glass, mica nad platinum. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 40(9): 1361-1403.
Freundlich, H. M. F. 1906. Over the Adsorption in Solution. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 57: 385-470.
Temkin, M. J. and Pyzhev, V. 1940. Recent Modifications to Langmuir Isotherms. Acta Physicochim. URSS 12: 217-222.
Misra, D. N., 1969. Adsorption on heterogeneous surfaces: A dubinin-radushkevich equation. Surface Science. 18(2): 367-372.
Hameed, B. H., Mahmoud, D. K., and Ahmad, A. L. 2008. Sorption of dye from aquesous solution by pomelo (Citrus grandis) peel in a batch system. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicohemical and Engineering Aspects. 316(1-3): 78-84.
Hameed, B. H., and Ahmad, A. A. 2009. Batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by garlic peel, an agricultural waste biomass. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 164(2-3): 870-875.
Hameed, B. H., and El-Khaiary, M. I. 2008. Sorption kinetics and isotherm studies of a cationic dye using agricultural waste: Broad bean peels. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 154(1-3): 639-648.
Foo, K. Y., and Hameed, B. H. 2011. Preparation of activated carbon from date stones by microwave induced chemical activation: Application for methylene blue adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal. 170(1): 338-341.
Foo, K. Y., and Hameed, B. H. 2011. Microwave-assisted preparation of oil palm fiber activated carbon for methylene blue adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal. 166(2): 792-795.
Lagergren, S. 1898. About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. 24(4): 1-39.
Ho, Y. S., and McKay, G. 1999. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochemistry. 34(5): 451-465.
Weber, W. J., and Morris, J. C. 1963. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division. 89(2): 31-59.
Zhang, L., Zhang, H., Guo W., and Tian, Y. 2014. Removal of malachite green and crystal violet cationic dyes from aqueous solution using activated sintering process red mud. Applied Clay Science. 93–94: 85-93.