The effect of mercerization process on the structural and morphological properties of pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) pulp

Nadirul Hasraf Mat Nayan, Wan Aizan Wan Abdul Rahman, Rohah Abdul Majid

Abstract


Environmental awareness and depletion of the wood resources are among vital factors that motivate various researchers to explore the potential of agrobased crops as an alternative source of fiber material in paper industries such as writing, printing, wrapping, and packaging. Fibers from agro-based crops are available in abundance, low cost, and most importantly its biodegradability features, which sometimes referred as “ecofriendly” materials. This paper attempt to study the effect of mercerization treatment on the structural and morphological properties of pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) pulp. It was shown that the PALF pulp achieved favourable structural and morphological properties as characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The mercerized fibers (15% NaOH) achieved the best tensile properties compared to that of pristine fibers.This modification have the potential to be utilized as pulp for paper based products.

Keywords


Pineapple leaf pulp; Mercerization; Morphological; Structural

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v10n1.63

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