Preparation and characterization of PTFE flat sheet membrane: Effect of sodium benzoate content


  • Faezeah Abd Ghani Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Khaidir Hamzah Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) flat sheet membranes were prepared through casting and sintering methods. The effect of sodium benzoate salt on the characteristics of PTFE flat sheet membranes such as  morphology, surface roughness, porosity, mechanical strength and crystallinity were studied through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), mercury intrusion porosimetry, tensile test and X-ray diffraction (XRD). SEM analysis confirmed the formation of irregular porous microstructures in sponge-like configuration. All the fabricated membranes exhibited narrow pore size distributions and have relatively small average pore diameters between 0.074 and 1.068 µm despite having porosity between 36.41 and 74.32 %. In addition, the roughness of the PTFE flat sheet membranes increased as the sodium benzoate content increased. Increasing sodium benzoate content was positive for pore size, porosity and roughness but negative for surface roughness and mechanical properties. This research confirmed that the addition of sodium benzoate salt in aqueous PTFE solution is a useful approach for the fabrication of porous PTFE flat sheet membranes

Author Biographies

Faezeah Abd Ghani, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Advance Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC)

Khaidir Hamzah, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

UTM-MPRC Institute for Oil and Gas


Advance Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC)


Radiation Processing Technology Division


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