Magnetic and microwave absorption properties of nickel ferrite (NixFe3-xO4) by HEM technique


  • Yunasfi Yunas Centre for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials – National Nuclear Energy Agency
  • Wisnu Ari Adi Centre for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials – National Nuclear Energy Agency
  • Mashadi Mashadi University of North Sumatera
  • Putri Astari Rahmy University of North Sumatera



Nickel Ferrite, Milling, Microwave Absorption, Magnetic Properties


Nickel ferrite (NixFe3-xO4) have been synthesized using solid state reaction with composition (2x)NiO : (3-x)Fe2O3 (x = 0.5; 1.0; 1.5 dan 2.0) in mol in wt%. Mixing of this powder was milled with HEM (High Energy Milling) for 10 hours, and then sintered at 1000 °C for 3 h. X-ray diffraction pattern indicates that the all of samples are single phase in this stage. FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) analysis showed two absorption bands in the range of ~410 - ~600 cm-1 related to octahedral and tetrahedral sites. The magnetic measurement using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) shows that the sample exhibited a ferromagnetic behaviour with its coercivity value in the range of 164-217 Oe, and the maximum value wasshowed by x =1.5. VNA (Vector Network Analyzer) characterization shows the ability electromagnetic wave absorption with RL (reflection loss) value of -28 dB occurs at frequency of 10.98 GHz. It means that the Ni1.5Fe1.5O4 sample can absorb microwave about ~96 % at 10.98 GHz.

Author Biographies

Yunasfi Yunas, Centre for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials – National Nuclear Energy Agency

Advanced Material Research Laboratory

Wisnu Ari Adi, Centre for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials – National Nuclear Energy Agency

Advanced Material Research Laboratory


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