Enantioseparation of Penconazole, Myclobutanil and Triadimefon by Cyclodextrin-Modified Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography


  • Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim
  • Dadan Hermawan
  • M. Marsin Sanagi




Enantioseparation, Penconazole, Myclobutanil, Triadimefon, Cyclodextrin-Modified MEKC,


Simultaneous enantioseparation of three chiral triazole fungicides i.e. penconazole, myclobutanil and triadimefon by
cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD-MEKC) under acidic condition was investigated with
different HP--CD concentrations as chiral selector. The three triazole fungicides have an asymmetrically substituted
carbon atom respectively, and they all contain two enantiomers. In order to achieve the best enantioresolution of these
triazole fungicides, the HP--CD concentration range was optimized from 0 to 40 mM in 10 mM increment. The results
indicate that separation of enantiomers was not achieved with concentration range of HP--CD from 0 to 20 mM.
Simultaneous enantioseparation was successfully achived at 30 mM and 40 mM HP--CD concentration in 25 mM
phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) solution that containing 50 mM SDS, 10% methanol and 5% acetonitrile. However,
enantioresolution decreased for myclobutanil and triadimefon enantiomers with HP--CD concentration greater than 30
mM. In addition, an increase in the concentration of HP--CD caused a significant increase in the analysis time. In light of
these aspects, the optimal concentration for HP--CD was decided to be 30 mM for the simultaneous chiral separation of
the three triazole fungicides with resolutions (Rs) between enantiomers for penconazole, Rs = 0.81; myclobutanil, Rs = 1.14;
triadimefon, Rs = 2.09; peak efficiencies (N) greater than 108 000 for all stereoisomers and analysis time of less than 15


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