Seed germination analysis in germplasm of capsicum annum


  • Alexander Ray Rayiappan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Zulaikha Sarobo
  • Muhammad Arshad Javed



Capsicum annum, germination, germplasm, germination traits


Capsicum annum is commercially cultivated due to its nutritional and pharmaceutical values. It is particularly important in Malaysia due to its abundant use in daily life food. Although it is warm seasonal plant, its productivity is not high in tropical environment. High seed germination is the prerequisite for good seedling establishment. Present study is conducted to study the varietal response for germination traits in diverse capsicum germplasm.  Five germination traits were focused e.g.  Final germination percentage (FGP), speed of germination (SG), initiation of germination (IG), days to 50% germination (R50) and peak period of germination (GP). Seeds of each variety were kept in triplicate at room temperature using Yoshida medium coupled with photoperiod of 14 hours for two weeks. Mean values for FGP (81%), SG (rate=2), IG (9th day) and R50 (10th day) and GP (12th day) were observed in 93 varieties. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant difference for all germination traits, reflecting that present germplasm is diverse for germination traits. These findings would be useful to improve the germination traits in capsicum hybridization programs.

Author Biography

Alexander Ray Rayiappan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering


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