The synthesis of cuprous oxide nanowires in the presence of oxygen using a hot tube thermal evaporation method


  • Muhammad Arif Khan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Samsudi Sakrani Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Yussof Wahab Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Syahida Suhaimi Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Rosnita Muhammad Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Hot tube vacuum thermal evaporation, Cuprous oxide nanowires, Copper foils, Thermal Oxidation, Growth time,


Cuprous oxide nanowires have been synthesized by heating copper foil in the presence of oxygen rich environment using a hot tube vacuum thermal evaporation method.  The effect of growth parameters such as growth time, temperature and oxidative environment on the morphology of the nanowires is investigated. The growth of cuprous oxide nanowires from copper foils thermally oxidized in the presence of oxygen rich at temperatures between 300 and 500 0C. The nanowires were formed within the temperature range of 400 – 500 0C with diameters and length between 25 - 100 nm and length 1 - 4 µm, respectively.  This gave an estimate of  aspect ratio around 40. Observation from FESEM results revealed the optimal growth of cuprous oxide nanowires which occurred at oxidation times for 1h, 1/2h and 25 minutes and flow rates of oxygen at 0.09 psi, 0.12 psi and 0.08 psi. The atom% of copper and oxygen were measured using EDX and their existence were later confirmed by XRD, essentially indicated by 40% an 60% of copper  and oxygen contents, respectively.


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