Copper oxide supported on graphene for phodegradation of rhodamine B


  • Nurul Sahida Hassan
  • Nurul Jamilah Roslani
  • Aishah Abdul Jalil
  • Sugeng Triwahyono
  • Nur Fatien Salleh
  • Nur Farhana Jaafar



Copper oxide, graphene, photodegradation, rhodamine B,


In recent years, dyes are one of the major sources of the water contamination that lead to environmental problems. For instance, Rhodamine B (RhB) which was extensively used as a colorant in textile industries is toxic and carcinogenic. Among many techniques, photocatalytic degradation become the promising one to remove those dyes from industrial wastewater. Recently, graphene has shown outstanding performance in this application due to its intrinsic electron delocalisation which promotes electron transport between composite photocatalyst and pollutant molecules. While, copper oxide (CuO) is well-known has a lower bandgap energies compared to other semiconductors. Therefore, in this study, copper oxide supported on graphene (CuO/G) was prepared and its photocatalytic activity was tested on degradation of RhB. The catalysts were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy. The results showed that the interaction between copper and graphene support could enhance the photocatalytic activity. The 5 wt% CuO/G was found to give the highest degradation (95%) of 10 mg L-1 of RhB solution at pH 7 using 1 g L-1 catalyst after 4 hours under visible light irradiation. The photodegradation followed the pseudo first-order Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic model. This study demonstrated that the CuO/G has a potential to be used in photocatalytic degradation of various organic pollutants.


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