Quantitative determination of ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin antibacterials by Spectrophotometeric and high performance liquid chromatography


  • Muhammad Akram
  • Jamil Anwar
  • Ammar Z. Alshemarya
  • Yi-Fan Goh
  • Ahmed Sher Awan
  • Qamar H. Farooqi




fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, spectrophotometery, HPLC


A simple, rapid and sensitive Spectrophotometeric method for the determination of fluoroquinolones; ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin have been performed in pure form and pharmaceutical tablets. Both drugs gave reddish complexes when treated with iron (III) chloride at pH 4.0. The drugs showed maximum absorption at 530 and 545 nm. In both cases linear calibration was obtained up to 0.9 mg/10 mL of the drug. Effect of different parameters like pH, temperature and time was also studied on the stability of the complexes. The percentage recoveries found by described method was in the range of 98.2---100.01 %. Standards were prepared from the pure compounds obtained from sigma-Aldrich Pharm. The method was successfully employed for the Assay of drugs in commercial formulations. Finally determination of the drugs was carried out through HPLC method which showed that there is no appreciable difference between the results of both the methods. Results revealed that proposed method is practically suitable for routine applications in quality control laboratories for the analysis of fluoroquinolones drugs.




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