Photoisomerization of n-pentane over nano ZnO/MoO3-ZrO2
Keywords:ZnO/MoO3-ZrO2, nano ZnO, protonic acid sites, n-pentane photoisomerization
A series of nano ZnO/MoO3-ZrO2 catalysts with different ZnO loading (1.0, 2.5, 5.0 wt%) were prepared by impregnation method for n-pentane photoisomerization under hydrogen or nitrogen atmosphere. The properties of the catalysts were characterized with X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET), Transmission Electron microscope (TEM) and FTIR. The XRD result showed that the fraction of tetragonal phase of ZnO/MoO3-ZrO2 was about 0.67 for all samples. While, the specific BET surface area was about 24 m2/g. Pyridine adsorbed FTIR results showed that all samples possessed high concentration of strong Lewis acid sites and small concentration of weak Bronsted acid sites. The interaction of hydrogen and surface samples at 298-523 K formed protonic acid sites with the concomitant of the partial elimination of Lewis acid sites. Whereas no changes of the concentration of acid sites were observed in the presence of nitrogen atmosphere. The activity of all samples in the n-pentane photoisomerization was strongly determined by the presence of hydrogen gas. In fact no activity was observed in the absence of hydrogen
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