Two-Stage Adsorber Design for Methylene Blue Removal by Coconut Shell Activated Carbon


  • Fadina Amran Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Nur Fatiah Zainuddin Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Activated carbon, adsorption, methylene blue, optimization, two-stage adsorber


The present work was aimed at evaluating the performance of two-stage adsorber for methylene blue removal by coconut shell activated carbon in minimizing the adsorbent mass and contact time. The Langmuir constants were used to evaluate the optimum mass, while the pseudo-second-order constants for contact time. Results show that the adsorbent mass can only be minimized by 0.01 % due to the high adsorbent affinity towards methylene blue, while the contact time has been optimized to 12.2 min at the studied conditions. The effect of adsorbent affinity in two-stage adsorber was analyzed to shed some light about its importance in the design of two-stage adsorber. The performance evaluation was also discussed to bring insight into wastewater treatment applications.

Author Biography

Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Department of Chemical Engineering

Faculty of Chemical & Energy Engineering

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia


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