Temperature-Dependent X-Ray Studies of Discotic Hexagonal Columnar Mesophases in Trinuclear Gold(I) Pyrazolate Complex


  • Mohamad Azani Abd Khadir Jalani Kolej GENIUS Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0572-5858
  • Hendrik O. Lintang
  • Siew Ling Lee
  • Juan Matmin
  • Nur Fatiha Ghazalli
  • Leny Yuliati
  • Amy Zuria Abdul Ajid
  • Mohd Izam Idrus




Gold(I) Pyrazolate Complex, Discotic, Hexagonal, Small Angle X-ray Scattering


Gold(I) pyrazolate complex ([Au3Pz3]C10TEG) has been widely studied due to its interesting liquid crystalline properties by exhibiting the discotic hexagonal columnar arrangement. Generally, the liquid crystalline properties of the gold complex were confirmed based on their differential scanning calorimetry thermogram and polarized optical microscopy (POM) images. However, there is still no in-depth study on the phase transition in liquid crystals of [Au3Pz3]C10TEG especially on its structural change at variable temperature. In this study, the resulting liquid crystalline properties of [Au3Pz3]C10TEG upon being heated and cooled was extensively demonstrated via variable-temperature POM (VT-POM) and small angle X-ray scattering (VT-SAXS). Based on the VT-POM images, it was indicated that [Au3Pz3]C10TEG displayed a fan-shaped texture for typical arrangements of discotic hexagonal columnar of liquid crystals. Moreover, VT-SAXS results was in good agreement with the VT-POM images as it showed that [Au3Pz3]C10TEG might consist of two types of stacking system, which are ordered and disordered hexagonal discotic arrangements. Likewise, VT-SAXS analysis also demonstrated that hexagonal columnar mesophase of [Au3Pz3]C10TEG could be recovered even after the heating and cooling for two cycles.

Author Biography

Mohamad Azani Abd Khadir Jalani, Kolej GENIUS Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Department of Chemistry, Kolej GENIUS Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia


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