Comparison of semen characteristics between indigenous and Amo breeds cockerel of Gombe State, Nigeria


  • Tijjani Haruna Usman Federal University of Kashere
  • Saleh Mohammed Sir Federal University of Kashere
  • Ma’aruf Bashir Sani Federal University of Kashere



Cockerels, semen, sperm, indigenous, Amo breed


The experiment was carried out to compare the semen characteristics of indigenous and Amo strains of cockerel at poultry unit of teaching and research farm of Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria. Semen samples were collected from nine indigenous and nine Amo breeds of cockerel at three days interval for two weeks using abdominal massage technique. Semen samples were examined macroscopically for semen colour, pH and ejaculation volume. Then, microscopic observation was carried for sperm concentration, mass motility, progressive motility, live and dead sperms percentage, normal and abnormal sperm, all for semen characteristics. The results showed a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) between mass motility, progressive motility, sperm concentration and head defects of 4.85 ± 0.27 to 4.37 ± 0.19, 95.13 ± 0.43 to 81.63 ± 1.15%, 4.93 ± 1.84 to 3.40 ± 1.07×109/ml and 2.96 ± 0.17 to 3.44 ± 0.12% for indigenous and Amo breeds of cockerel, respectively. There were no significant differences observed as semen colour, ejaculate volume, semen pH, live / dead normal sperm neck (mid-piece), tail defects and sperm total abnormalities were found to be 2.85 ± 0.07 to 2.00 ± 0.090.21 ± 0.17 to 0.20 ± 0.02 /ml, 88.85 ± 0.58 to 72.70 ± 0.54% /ml, 11.14 ± 0.58 to 27.29 ± 0.54%, 81.00 ± 0.78 to 66.22 ± 0.61%,9.03 ± 0.42 to 13.96 ± 0.47%, 9.70 ±  to 13.00 ± 0.30 and 21.70 ± 0.59 to 30.40 ± 0.53% for the indigenous and Amo breed groups of cockerel, respectively. It was concluded that semen quality characteristics could be differed between genetically improved (Amo strain) and indigenous breed of cockerels.

Author Biographies

Tijjani Haruna Usman, Federal University of Kashere

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture

Saleh Mohammed Sir, Federal University of Kashere

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture

Ma’aruf Bashir Sani, Federal University of Kashere

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture


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Special Issue on International Conference on Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Food Technology 2018 (Applied Sciences)