Biology characteristics of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Central Zones of Shah Alam, Selangor
Keywords:Aedes albopictus, life table analysis, demographic parameter, Malaysia
Aedes sp. mosquitoes are the known vectors of dengue fever. The factors influencing the continuous occurrence of dengue fever have not yet been studied or fully understood. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the demographic parameter of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in terms of their development, survival, and reproduction in Central Zone of Shah Alam. The study was conducted through ovitrap surveillance and mosquito rearing method. A total of 570 ovitraps were placed in nineteen (n=19) localities in the Central Zone of Shah Alam. Positive Ovitrap Index (POI) and mean eggs per trap (MET) was used to identify the infestation profile of dengue vectors in a locality. The biology and demographic parameters of dengue vector, such as development rate, survivorship and mortality rate were observed for each locality. Section 18 (POI: 73.3, MET: 35.05) was one of the localities that has high distribution and abundance of dengue vector. It was found that Section 24 was the locality with high development rate, high survivorship, and low mortality rate. These parameters were then used to formulate a life table for Aedes species mosquitoes in Central Zone of Shah Alam. As a conclusion life table analysis can be used to estimate the life cycle of the dengue vector. However, in-depth studies on the life table analysis need to be done in order to gain more understanding and so that authorized parties could plan for proper action to be taken.
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