Emulsion liquid membrane extraction of polyphenols compound from palm oil mill effluent


  • Norela Jusoh Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Norasikin Othman Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Gabriella Geeta Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Muhammad Bukhari Rosly Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Raja Norimie Raja Sulaiman Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Norul Fatiha Mohamed Noah Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Khairul Sozana Nor Kamarudin Universiti Teknologi Malaysia




Polyphenols, extraction, emulsion liquid membrane, palm oil mill effluent, sterilization condensate


Polyphenols possess many health attributes, as they are powerful antioxidants. Recovery of value-added compounds from industrial waste is a new approach in order to promote sustainability. In this study, the extraction of polyphenols from palm oil mill sterilization condensate by emulsion liquid membrane (ELM) process is proposed. The sterilization condensate was first characterized to determine the total phenolic content (TPC) in the sample. For the extraction, liquid membrane was formulated to choose the best diluent, carrier, and stripping agent. Once the formulation was successfully attempted, the extraction of polyphenols to recover polyphenols was performed. The results show that 2627.3 mg GAE/L of TPC was obtained in the condensate. During the liquid membrane formulation, palm oil was chosen as a green diluent, TBP and n-Octanol were selected as the most appropriate carriers for synergize in a composition of 8:2 by volume, while sodium hydroxide was selected as the most appropriate stripping agents to best facilitate the extraction process. The extraction and recovery performance of polyphenols showed performance of 96.5% and 31%, respectively. The findings of this study show that ELM is a potential technology to extract and recover polyphenols from palm oil mill sterilization condensate.

Author Biographies

Norela Jusoh, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Chemical Engineering Department
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
81310 UTM Skudai,
Johor, Malaysia

Norasikin Othman, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Chemical Engineering Department
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
81310 UTM Skudai,
Johor, Malaysia


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