Polyaniline-Supported Palladium(II)-Schiff Base Complex as Efficient Catalyst for Mizoroki-Heck Cross-Coupling Reaction
Keywords:Mizoroki-Heck cross-coupling reaction, Palladium, Schiff base, Polyaniline, Catalyst,
AbstractMizoroki-Heck cross-coupling reaction of 4-bromoacetophenone with methyl acrylate were investigated as a model system of heterogeneous reaction in order to evaluate the performance of polyaniline supported N,N’-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)propane-1,3-diaminepalladium(II) complex as catalyst. The reactions were carried out in both N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) and water-DMAc mixed solvent. The performances of the catalyst in both media are comparable, giving more than 90 % conversion after 24 hours of reaction with 100 % selectivity and high isolated product yields of cinnamic esters were obtained. The used of mixed solvent gave more advantages such as less organic solvent was required and an enhanced recyclability in which the supported catalyst could be reusable at least four times without noticeable decrease in the product conversion. The properties of the catalyst was characterized by various techniques such as FTIR spectroscopy, TG-DTA, AAS, BET surface area, XRD and FESEM.
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