Biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles by using fruits extracts of Ananas Comosus and its antibacterial activity

Raja Adibah Raja Ahmad, Zawati Harun, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, Hatijah Basri, Muhamad Zaini Yunos, Azlinnorazia Ahmad, Siti Hajar Mohd Akhair, Abdul Qaiyyum Abd Rashid, Faiz Hafeez Azhar, Siti Salwa Alias, Ainun Rahmahwati Ainuddin

Abstract


Biosynthesis of metallic nanoparticles using plants, enzymes, and microorganism have been known as eco-friendly alternatives to conventional physical and chemical methods. Recently, the biological synthesis of nanoparticles has been a keen interest amongst researchers and scientist due to its simple technique, eco-friendliness, non-toxic, inexpensive and potential to perform in antibacterial activity. Thus, in this current work, the synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles using reduction agent from fruit extracts of Ananas Comosus is reported. The biosynthesized zinc oxide was characterized using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The average size of the nanoparticles was found to be in the range of 30-57nm. The antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles was carried out via agar diffusion method against pathogenic organisms. It is observed that the biosynthesized ZnO in the process has the efficient antibacterial activity. In conclusion, the green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using the fruit extract of Ananas Comosus is considered as a potential additive to substitute other metal oxides such as silver (Ag) and titanium dioxide (TiO2)but also provide antibacterial effect that able to enhance the nanoparticle performance.


Keywords


green synthesized ZnO, Antibacterial activity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v15n2.1217

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