Preliminary studies on hydrothermal synthesis of zeolite from Malaysian kaolinite clays

Tijjani Abdullahi, Zawati Harun, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, Khairul Nazri Yusof, Ainun Rahmawati, Muhamad Zaini Yunos, Mohd Amri Lajis, Yusri Yusof

Abstract


The use of kaolin as a source of silica and alumina for synthesis of zeolite has been widely reported with various compositions and processing routes. However, since kaolin is highly influenced by geological origin and geographical formation, coupled with the processing method, two different crude kaolin were obtained at various locations in Peninsular Malaysia to serve as precursor for synthesis of zeolite. Hydrothermal treatments were made at reasonable low temperature of 90°C in an oven. The synthesized product was then analyzed using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, to evaluate the potentials of the process and the product. The outcome of the analysis suggested that the breaking down of the clay structure and the armophization process can improve raw material reactivity. However, the crystallinity and composition of the crude kaolin together with appropriate incubation time can greatly influence the synthesis process and the product.


Keywords


Zeolite, hydrothermal, kaolin, synthesis, Malaysia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v15n3.1213

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