West African kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) natural fiber composite for application in automotive industry


  • Tijjani Abdullahi Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Zawati Harun Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Nasiru Aminu Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B.
  • Oguntunde Gabriel Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B.
  • Tijjani Aminu Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B
  • Siti Aida Ibrahim Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Noor Hasliza Kamarudin Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia




West Africa, kenaf, Nigeria, fiber, composite


The study of the kenaf core fiber – polymer composites was done by preparing a kenaf/polymer composite using polypropylene (PP) polymer matrix and Scona TPPP 9012 GA as coupling agent with Nigerian grown Kenaf natural fiber through hot pressing. The objective was to characterize the stability and bond strength of the polymer/fiber interface through morphological analysis by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as the characterization of thermal and mechanical properties of the composite. The result obtained shows an increment in tensile strength as a percentage of kenaf fiber increased to 30%, this trend continuous surprisingly, even at 50% kenaf fiber loading, which goes against the result obtained in previous literature. Thus, signifying the positive influence of Scona TPPP 9012 GA coupling agent. However, further analysis indicated that 40% kenaf fiber loading has a better chance to be considered suitable for use in the automotive structure.

Author Biographies

Tijjani Abdullahi, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Advanced Manufacturing and Material Center (AMMC), Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

Zawati Harun, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Advanced Manufacturing and Material Center (AMMC), Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering

Nasiru Aminu, Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B.

School of Technology Education

Oguntunde Gabriel, Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B.

School of Technology Education

Tijjani Aminu, Federal College of Education (Technical) P.M.B

School of Technology Education

Siti Aida Ibrahim, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

Noor Hasliza Kamarudin, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Advanced Manufacturing and Material Center (AMMC), Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering


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