Removal of Lead from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption using Magnesium Aluminium Hydrogenphosphate Layered Double Hydroxides


  • Zaini Hamzah
  • Mohd Najif Ab Rahman
  • Yamin Yasin
  • Siti Mariam Sumari
  • Ahmad Saat



Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH), adsorption, lead removal, anion exchange,


Layered double hydroxide with molar ratio of 4 (MAN 4) was synthesized by co-precipitation and followed by hydrothermal method. The compound was then later going through ion exchange with K2HPO4 for 48 hours to produce MgAlHPO4 (MAHP 4). The solid produced were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Adsorption of lead solution by MAHP 4 was carried out using batch experiment by mixing the lead solution and the solid of layered double hydroxide. The effects of various parameters such as contact time, pH, adsorbent dosage and initial concentration were investigated. The optimum pH for lead removal was found to be at pH of 5 and the optimum time of lead removal was found at 2 hours. The isotherm data was analysed using Langmuir and the correlation coefficient of 0.998 was obtained. The maximum adsorption capacity, Qo (mg/g) of 500 mg/g was also recorded from the Langmuir isotherm. The remaining lead solution was determined by using EDXRF (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence spectrometry) model MiniPal 4 (PAN analytical). The results in this study indicate that MAHP 4 was an interesting adsorbent for removing lead from aqueous solution.


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