Heat distribution modeling of the subsurface of Wapsalit geothermal area based on land surface temperature from Landsat-8 thermal infrared sensor imagery


  • Joko Sampurno
  • Apriansyah Apriansyah
  • Riza Adriat




Heat distribution, Landsat-8 TIRS, Wapsalit geothermal area


In this research, models of heat distribution of the subsurface of the Wapsalit geothermal area were built, which their structures were known before, using finite different method. Rock thermal diffusivity was used as the model parameter, which controlled the heat flow. The result showed that the heat flow was adjusted the model parameters effectively. Land surface temperature (LST) as the result of the model was compared to LST from Landsat-8 Thermal Infrared Sensor Imagery and produced absolute error 6.8% and 3.6% for cross-section 1 and 2, respectively. This error percentage confirmed that the model was successfully depicted the actual heat distribution of the subsurface of the study area.


Beaumont, B., Radoux, J., Defourny, P. 2014. Assessment of airborne and spaceborne thermal infrared remote sensing for detecting and characterizing landfills. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 180, 1-12.

Fitrida, S. M., Sampurno, J., Ivansyah, O., Kholid, M. 2015. Identifikasi struktur bawah permukaan berdasarkan metode magnetotellurik. Positron, 5, 1, 11-18.

Hoffmann, K. A., Chiang, S. T. 1989. Computational fluid dynamics for engineers. 4th ed. Austin: TX: Engineering Education System.

Huntington, J. F. 1996. The role of remote sensing in finding hydrothermal mineral deposits on earth. Paper presented at the Ciba Foundation symposium. 202, 214-231.

Irons, J. R., Dwyer, J. L., Barsi, J. A. 2012. The next landsat satellite: The landsat data continuity mission. Remote Sensing of Environment, 122, 11-21.

Jean-fiston, M. N., Gossens, R., Defourny, P. 2016. Forest degradation, a methodological approach using remote sensing techniques: A review. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, 24, 1.

Minkowycz, W., Sparrow, E. M., Murthy, J. Y., Abraham, J. P. 2009. Handbook of Numerical Heat Transfer: 2nd Edition: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Putra, S. D. H., Fajar, S. J., Srigutomo, W. 2014. Numerical modeling of 2D conductive heat transfer and its application for the characterization of geothermal systems. Paper presented at the 2014 International Conference on Physics (ICP 2014).

Sampurno, J., Apriansyah, Adriat, R., Faryuni, I. D., Srigutomo, W. 2017. Application of implicit finite difference method to determine the 2D patterns of unsteady state thermal spreading of geothermal systems. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 877, 1, 012012.

USGS. 2017. Pulau buru. Retrieved from https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/ (Accessed: March 21, 2017).