An experimental analysis on the performance of single mode-multimode-single mode and multimode- single mode-multimode fiber optic sensor

Hanim Abdul Razak

Abstract


A cost effective and simple fabrication process for Mach Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) fiber based sensor has been proposed based on single mode-multimode-single mode structure and multimode-single mode-multimode. These proposed structures employed a standard fusion arc splicing by varying the length of sensing region instead of the structures. This sensor has been experimentally demonstrated for three different concentration of solutions such as water, 1mol sucrose solution and oil with the refractive index of 1.333, 1.384 and 1.464 respectively. Furthermore, the intention of this experiment is to determine which structure that provides superior performance in terms of the sensitivity of the device. The operating wavelength of different structures corresponds to the different refractive index. It is observed that the shifting response was influenced by the length of the sensing-area and the best sensitivity achieved for is -10.45nm/RIU.


Keywords


Fiber optic sensor; Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI); single mode-multimode-single mode (SMS);multimode-single mode-multimode (MSM);

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjfas.v15n2019.1005

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